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Chylomicronemia Syndrome

Overview

hylomicronemia syndrome is the name representing the inherited disorder where the body fails to break down the fat (lipid) correctly. Due to this the fat particles start building up in the body of the patient and may result into several other complications. The chylomicronemia syndrome is a rare form of disease. This disease is also called familial lipoprotein lipase deficiency.


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Causes

This disease occurs when lipoprotein, a protein enzyme is broken or may be completely missing from the body of the patient. Due to this the fat particles called chylomicrons is used to build up in the blood of the patient. The process of the buildup of fat particles is called chylomicronemia. Three types of genetical disorder may lead to this disease, namely familial lipoprotein lipase deficiency, familial apolipoprotein C-II deficiency and familial inhibitor to lipoprotein lipase. This disease is also seen in alcohol addictives, patients with diabetes mellitus and patients on certain types of drugs.


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Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms begin from the age of infancy itself. The patient suffering with this syndrome has the following symptoms:-

  • The patient may often complain of abdominal pain due to pancreatitis.
  • Deposits of fats may be seen, yellow in colour, in the skin of soles of feet, eyelids, palms of hands etc.
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Prevention

Avoid the intake of alcohol and fat free diet to prevent further deposit of the fat in the body.


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Treatments
Dietary changes Modern Medicine

The patient needs to be kept at completely fat free diet.

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