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Congenital Dislocation Of The Hip

Overview

Hip is one of the important bones of the body. The hip may also be called “ball and socket” joint, where the femur acts like a ball and the matching cup lies on the outer side of the pelvis. The congenital dislocation of the hip is seen in the birth. Various problems are responsible for this condition of the baby. This disease is fairly common and is seen in around 1 to 2 babies in 1,000 live births. This disease is mostly seen in female patients and most of the time the left hip tends to get affected more than the right.


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Causes

Due to certain growth defect within the womb the child’s socket may not grow properly, and due to its shallow growth the ball of the femur tends to move out of the area. This disease is also seen in the patient where the ball doesn’t lie safely in the socket. Sometimes the hip is subluxated and hence is not deeply placed in place. All these above factors may lead to congenital dislocation of the hip.


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Signs & Symptoms

The patient with congenital dislocation of the hip has the following symptoms:-

  • The patient’s limb becomes shortened.
  • The bone rotates internally.
  • In case only one of the hips is affected, the child may limp and lurch.
  • In case of bilateral dislocation there is waddling gait.
  • There may be pain while walking.
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Prevention

There is no known prevention for this disease.


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Treatments
Surgery Modern Medicine

The patient may be given traction for few weeks to fit the bone into place. Surgical realignment is done to fit the bone into place in case the bones are normally grown. Frejka splint and Pavlik harness devices may be used.

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